Today is Thursday, November 7, the 311th day of 2013. There are 54 days left in the year.
Highlights in history on this date:
1659 - Peace of the Pyrenees is reached between Spain and France.
1733 - Spain and France sign the Treaty of Escurial and form an alliance against England.
1874 - The Republican Party is symbolized as an elephant in a cartoon drawn by Thomas Nast in Harper's Weekly magazine.
1916 - Republican Jeannette Rankin of Montana becomes the first woman elected to the U.S. Congress.
1917 - Bolsheviks seize the Winter Palace in St. Petersburg during the October Revolution. According to the Julian calendar, still in use in Russia, the date was October 25.
1919 - Socialists depose the king of Bavaria, ending the rule of one of Europe's oldest dynasties, and proclaim a republic.
1939 - Sovereigns of Belgium and Holland approach Britain's King George VI advocating peace with Germany.
1944 - U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt wins an unprecedented fourth term in office, defeating Thomas E. Dewey.
1950 - The king of Nepal is deposed by the state's hereditary prime minister. The king's 3-year-old grandson, Prince Gyanendra, is installed as ruler. The deposed king favored demands for increased popular government in the nation, which is ruled by the prime minister.
1956 - British and French declare a cease-fire in Egypt, but Britain says it will evacuate troops only on arrival of U.N. Emergency Force.
1966 - Chinese diplomats walk out of the Bolshevik Anniversary celebration in Moscow after hearing Soviet criticism of Chinese government.
1967 - Carl Stokes is elected the first black mayor of a major city — Cleveland, Ohio; U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson signs a bill establishing the Corporation for Public Broadcasting.
1972 - Richard M. Nixon is re-elected as U.S. president.
1973 - United States and Egypt announce they will resume diplomatic relations and exchange ambassadors; Congress overrides U.S. President Richard M. Nixon's veto of the War Powers Act, which limits a chief executive's power to wage war without congressional approval.
1987 - Tunisia's President Habib Bourguiba is removed from office by his prime minister who says the 84-year-old leader is senile.
1988 - Powerful earthquake just inside China's mountainous southern border kills 600 people.
1989 - Multiparty elections held in Namibia under a U.N. peace plan is a step toward independence; David N. Dinkins is elected New York City's first black mayor.
1990 - Shots are fired near Mikhail Gorbachev during Soviet Union's Revolution Day parade; Irish voters elect a radical feminist to presidency.
1991 - Basketball star Magic Johnson announces he has tested positive for the AIDS virus and will retire.
1992 - King Hussein of Jordan tells Iraqis it is time to put an end to the government of Saddam Hussein.
1993 - Palestinian gunmen fire on a rabbi's car and Jewish settlers in the occupied territories riot.
1994 - The former head of a Bosnian Serb concentration camp becomes the first to be charged with war crimes after World War II when the War Crimes Tribunal in The Hague issues its first indictment.
1995 - Three American servicemen plead guilty to raping a 12-year-old Okinawan schoolgirl. The attack outrages the Japanese and strains ties between Japan and the United States.
1996 - A Nigerian airliner carrying 141 people crashes into swamp land east of Lagos, killing all aboard.
1997 - Kenyan President Daniel arap Moi signs a package of reforms aimed at making Kenya a multiparty democracy.
1998 - Colombian soldiers pull out from a region the size of Switzerland, the government's boldest concession to rebels in 34 years of civil war.
1999 - On the eve of final status talks with the Palestinians, three pipe bombs explode in an Israeli beach town and wound 33 people.
2000 - Americans choose Republican George W. Bush as president over Democratic Vice President Al Gore by 537 votes. The results of the election were not known for more than a month because of a dispute over the vote count in Florida.
2001 - Opposition forces claim another victory against the Taliban in northern Afghanistan as some of their forces advance to just 13 kilometers (eight miles) outside the strategic city of Mazar-e-Sharif.
2004 - Egypt denies it has a secret nuclear weapons program in an angry response to reports that the U.N. atomic watchdog agency is investigating the discovery of plutonium particles near an Egyptian nuclear facility.
2005 - Former Peruvian President Alberto Fujimori is arrested in Chile on charges involving corruption and massacres as he returns home to run for re-election after five years as a protected exile in Japan. Fujimori, target of an international arrest warrant, faces extradition to Peru.
2006 - Tajikistan's authoritarian president, Emomali Rakhmonov, wins a new seven-year term in an election that foreign observers say lacked any genuine competition.
2007 - More than 30 surgeons in southern India complete a grueling 24-hour operation on Lakshmi, a 2-year-old girl born with four
arms and four legs. Doctors remove her extra limbs, salvage her organs and rebuild her pelvis area.
2008 - An environmentalist group and four Nigerians file suit against Royal Dutch Shell PLC in the Netherlands, claiming the company was negligent in cleaning up oil spills in Nigeria.
2009 - Lebanon's Syrian-backed factions finally agree on a unity government proposed by their pro-Western rivals, ending a four-month deadlock in the deeply divided country.
2010 - Court documents show a string of Israeli governments has helped cement the Jewish presence in Arab areas of Jerusalem by selling or leasing property to settler groups at bargain prices, making the partition of the city in any peace deal exceedingly difficult.
2011 - Michael Jackson's doctor is convicted of involuntary manslaughter after a trial that painted him as a reckless caregiver who administered a lethal dose of a powerful anesthetic that killed the pop star.
2012 — Britain calls on the United States and other allies to do more to shape the Syrian opposition into a coherent force, saying the re-election of President Barack Obama is an opportunity for the world to take stronger action to end the Arab country's deadly civil war.
Marie Curie, French scientist (1867-1934); Leon Trotsky, Russian revolutionary, (1879-1940); Billy Graham, U.S. evangelist (1918--); Joan Sutherland, Australian soprano (1926--2010); Joni Mitchell, Canadian folk singer (1943--); Christopher Knight, U.S. actor (1957--).
Thought For Today:
Examine what is said, not him who speaks — Arab proverb.
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